【201906主题阅读】No One Is Too Small to Make A Difference

【201906主题阅读】女性作家/学者写的非虚构类:6月大家一起来读一些女性作家学者写的非虚构。可以是历史政治经济,可以是散文随笔,可以是采访报道,可以是游记回忆录。

photo from: http://fortune.com/worlds-greatest-leaders/greta-thunberg-6/

Greta Thunberg是一位16岁的瑞年少女。2018年8月,她自行选择不上课,通过罢课来抗议“大人的世界”,抗议“政府”来关注,并呼吁各国合作一起解决环境问题。她的罢课很快通过SNS,得多很多同龄人的响应,2019年3月15日,全世界112个国家地区,总共约有140万学生,组织罢课游行。同年5月24日,全世界有125个国家地区的学生组织了类似的游行抗议活动。19年3月,她被提名上诺贝尔和平奖候选名单。这本小册子,是19年5月,企鹅出版社讲她的发言,在网上发布的文章,集结成册子。我虽然从新闻头条上看到过学生们组织的关于环保的抗议游行,但是这本书让我第一次“听”到Greta Thunberg的声音,并感叹于这个小女孩不简单。

小册子中收录了一篇Greta Thunberg最初发表在fb上的文章,向网友讲述自己罢课抗议的前因后果。她因为一篇关于环境问题的作文得奖后在报纸上发表,某个环保组织联系到她,原本他们一起策划做一些什么活动来表达抗议,引起人们对环境问题的关注,但最终计划破产,Greta Thunberg决定单独行动。之后她的行动也没有得到任何组织或个人背后的政治或经济上的自助。一开始连她的家人也不怎么支持她,但后来随着她的活动,让她的家人也更加意识到环境问题的严峻性。

Greta Thunberg在各种演讲和文章中反复说的其实只有很简单一点:

我们的房子着火了!环境问题气候变暖已经火烧屁股了!而你们这些大人,这些政府要人,这些经济掌控者如此不作为!再不作为就要晚了!因为你们大人不作为,要让我们这些未成年人,不去上课,跑来抗议和游行!跑来拜托大家恐慌起来!因为我们面临的灾难已经刻不容缓了!

为什么Greta Thunberg如此恐慌,如此愤怒。因为根据科学估算,因为全球气温的持续上升,大概还有10年零半个月(这个数字是一个估算,也许会提前也许会滞后,但差不多就是这个范围),全球的生态圈将崩溃。这就意味着,10年后Greta Thunberg才26岁,她妹妹才23岁,对于那时候的她们,已经没有未来了。年轻人的未来,被现在的“大人”们消费一空。但她的愤怒和恐慌不仅仅是为了自己,地球是我们大家的,我们现在挥霍一空的,也是我们大家的未来。

虽然我们已经火烧眉毛,留给我们的时间已经所剩无几了。但我们还是有时间的,这也是Greta Thunberg站起来呐喊的原因,她相信虽然已经为时已晚,但人类还是可以做一些什么的,从改变大众的观念,到改变经济和政治体制。或多或少的,每个人都可以做一些什么的,为了下一代的未来,为了我们大家的未来。

一些摘抄:

This is not a political text. Our school strike has nothing to do with party politics. Because the climate and the biosphere don’t care about our politics and our empty words for a single second. They only care about what we actually do. This is a cry for help.
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That means that rich countries need to get down to zero emissions, within six to twelve years, so that people in poorer countries can heighten their standard of living by building some of the infrastructure that we have already built. Such as roads, hospitals, electricity, schools and clean drinking water. Because how can we expect countries like India or Nigeria to care about the climate crisis if we, who already have everything, don’t care even
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We are about to sacrifice our civilization for the opportunity of a very small number of people to continue to make enormous amounts of money. We are about to sacrifice the biosphere so that rich people in countries like mine can live in luxury. But it is the sufferings of the many which pay for the luxuries of the few.
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And if solutions within this system are so impossible to find then maybe we should change the system itself?
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We have not come here to beg world leaders to care. You have ignored us in the past and you will ignore us again. You’ve run out of excuses and we’re running out of time. We’ve come here to let you know that change is coming whether you like it or not. The real power belongs to the people.
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The political system that you have created is all about competition. You cheat when you can, because all that matters is to win, to get power. That must come to an end, we must stop competing with each other, we need to cooperate and work together and to share the resources of the planet in a fair way. We need to start living within the planetary boundaries, focus on equity and take a few steps back for the sake of all living species.
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We children are not sacrificing our education and our childhood for you to tell us what you consider is politically possible in the society that you have created. We have not taken to the streets for you to take selfies with us, and tell us that you really admire what we do. We children are doing this to wake the adults up. We children are doing this for you to put your differences aside and start acting as you would in a crisis. We children are doing this because we want our hopes and dreams back.

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